Archive for the ‘biosecurity’ Category

Farming Today – food from cloned animals

9 December, 2010

BBC Radio 4 (listen again)

Animal welfare groups say they’re appalled that meat and milk from the offspring of cloned animals can be sold in shops without being labelled as such. The Food Standards Agency board says there are no health risk to humans but animal welfare groups say consumers will be unknowingly supporting cloning which they say is cruel and causes suffering to animals.

The RSPCA tell Anna about their planned emergency rescue of 4000 sheep stranded on the moorlands of Northumberland – made inaccessible in waist-deep snow – without access to food.

ethical corp

20 September, 2010

Why not subscribe? Link to the online edition…

FoE calls for GM crops ban

20 September, 2010

A message from Rita @ Friends of the Earth

The EC has approved growing genetically modified crops for the first time in 12 years. But 60% of Europeans feel we should get the facts first before growing foods that could threaten our health and environment.

Friends of the Earth Europe is calling for a ban GM food until the research is done – please sign the petition today, and help us reach 1 million signatures at http://www.avaaz.org/en/eu_gmo/?vl

Find out why Sheepdrove says NO to GMOs.

FOOD Inc – ten tips

14 September, 2010

Help to push today’s industrialised food systems into healthier habits. Ultimately a healthy diet for us depends on a healthy food system and a healthy planet!

Here are the Top Ten tips from the FOOD Inc movie.

Click on the postcard to enlarge. Read more…

Cloned beef? What does the fiasco mean for food?

6 August, 2010

“Beneath the sensationalism, it highlighted several serious issues for people who care about where their meat comes from, food quality – and last but not least - animal welfare.”    
Jason Ball, www.sheepdrove.com

Read the full article… No Cloned Animals Guarantee!

No cloned organic animals guarantee!

4 August, 2010

We believe in saying noDon’t worry, we won’t be stocking cloned meat – ever! Sheepdrove would rather produce organic, grass-fed meat the natural way.

We have consistently called for better traceability for food - and we deplore the secret trade of cloned farm animal offspring which has been revealed in the news. The Food Standards Agency admitted they cannot track the cloned meat which went to market. No wonder Lawrence Woodward OBE describes the food watchdog  as a ‘lapdog’…

A spokesman for the FSA  said on BBC  TV, “We don’t think there are any health risks from eating meat from cloned animals.”

More on cloned animals later this week…

Meanwhile, why not renew your faith in healthy meat? Buy from us and lose yourself in the natural taste of our sumptuous meat cuts.

GM crops – 1 Million Voices on Avaaz

15 April, 2010

Add your voice to the petition for independent research and a moratorium on GM crop development in Europe. A new initiative allows 1 million EU citizens to present legal requests to the European Commission.

With a forthcoming election, it’s a great time to cast your vote directly on future food and environmental policy. Every vote will count!

Together, let’s get 1 million citizen signatures – please send the following link to your friends, or post it on your Facebook wall:

GM crops – 1 Million Voices on Avaaz

http://www.avaaz.org/en/eu_health_and_biodiversity/97.php?cl_tta_sign=3fcf9ea4c1a6f83952e8d7a2afb70fb9

Swine Flu UK update 11 May 2009

11 May, 2009

Updates for UK

11 May 2009, Graeme Wearden, The Guardian

The World Health Authority said today that at least 49 people are thought to have died from the new strain of H1N1, while 4,379 people have contracted the virus

Ten staff at the Financial Services Authority have been ordered to work from home after a colleague contracted suspected swine flu while on a work trip to the US.

According to an FSA spokeswoman this morning, the employee has a “probable case of swine flu and is displaying flu-like symptoms” after returning from the US.

People who worked closely with the unnamed individual at the FSA’s Canary Wharf headquarters last week have been told to work from home for seven days – the incubation period of the H1N1 flu virus.

The FSA said it is following official government guidelines on how to handle the likely infection. All staff who have travelled to Mexico or the US are being told to work from home for a week before returning to their desks.

10 May 2009, Wesley Johnson, The Guardian…

Seven new cases of swine flu were confirmed today in the UK, health officials said. Three adults and four children in England were affected, bringing the total in the UK to 55.

Tonight, a school in Middlesex announced that it was to close for a week after one of its pupils was suspected of having swine flu. The Health Protection Agency said Hampton school was planning to reopen on 18 May.

The Department of Health said the new confirmed cases in the UK included two adults and four children in London and an adult in eastern England.

Swine Flu renamed and re-assessed

30 April, 2009

The latest updates:

  • 30 April 2009 — From today, World Health Organisation. (W.H.O.) will refer to the new influenza virus as influenza A(H1N1).
  • Despite being previously named ‘Swine Flu’ the latest Pandemic Influenza is actually a quadruple combined virus – partly American and European pig flu, bird flu and human flu.
  • Yesterday the combined H1N1 influenza was stepped up to PHASE 5 on the Pandemic scale, defined by W.H.O.
  • H1N1 flu virus link to USA pig industry

    30 April, 2009

    CDC Confirms link to USA pig industry

    by Michael Greger, MD

    Michael Greger, MD

    Michael Greger, MD

    Factory farming and long-distance live animal transport apparently led to the emergence of the ancestors of the current swine flu threat.

    A preliminary analysis of the H1N1 swine flu virus isolated from human cases in California and Texas reveals that six of the eight viral gene segments arose from North American swine flu strains circulating since 1998, when a new strain was first identified on a factory farm in North Carolina.

    This analysis, first released by Columbia University’s Center for Computation Biology, has now been reportedly confirmed by researchers at the University of Edinburgh, St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital and virologist Ruben Donis, chief of the molecular virology and vaccines branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dr. Robert Webster, the director of the U.S. Collaborating Center of the World Health Organization, and considered the “godfather of flu research,”[1] is reported as saying “The triple reassortant in pigs [first discovered in the U.S. in 1998] seems to be the precursor.”

    Plaguing People and Pigs

    The worst plague in human history was triggered by an H1N1 avian flu virus, which jumped the species barrier from birds to humans[2] and went on to kill as many as 50 to 100 million people in the 1918 flu pandemic.[3] We then passed the virus to pigs, where it has continued to circulate, becoming one of the most common causes of respiratory disease on North American pig farms.[4]

    Tracing the Origins of Today’s Virus

    Since the progenitor of the swine flu virus currently threatening to trigger a human pandemic has now been identified, it is critical to explore what led to its original emergence and spread. Scientists postulate that a human flu virus may have starting circulating in U.S. pig farms as early as 1995, but “by mutation or simply by obtaining a critical density, caused disease in pigs and began to spread rapidly through swine herds in North America. [emphasis added]“[9] It is therefore likely no coincidence that the virus emerged in North Carolina, the home of the nation’s largest pig production operation. North Carolina has the densest pig population in North America and reportedly boasts more than twice as many corporate pig mega-factories as any other state.[10]

    The year of emergence, 1998, was the year North Carolina’s pig population hit ten million, up from two million just six years earlier.[11] Concurrently, the number of pig farms was decreasing, from 15,000 in 1986 to 3,600 in 2000.[12] How can five times more animals be raised on almost five times fewer farms? By crowding about 25 times more pigs into each operation.

    In the 1980s, more than 85% of all North Carolina pig farms had fewer than 100 animals. By the end of the 1990s, operations confining more than 1,000 animals controlled about 99% of the state’s pig population.[13] Given that the primary route of swine flu transmission is thought to be the same as human flu—via droplets or aerosols of infected nasal secretions[14]—it’s no wonder experts blame overcrowding for the emergence of new flu virus mutants.

    “A Recipe for Disaster”

    The European Commission’s agricultural directorate warns that the “concentration of production is giving rise to an increasing risk of disease epidemics.”[26] Concern over epidemic disease is so great that Danish laws have capped the number of pigs per farm and put a ceiling on the total number of pigs allowed to be raised in the country.[27]

    No such limit exists in the United States or in Mexico. The fact that the first confirmed human case of swine flu appeared in close proximity to the largest pig factory in Mexico, which slaughters nearly a million pigs a year (out of a country-wide total of 15 million), may not have been a coincidence.

    Warnings Unheeded

    The public health community has been warning about the risks posed by factory farms for years. More than five years ago, in 2003, the American Public Health Association, the largest and oldest association of public health professionals in the world, called for a moratorium on factory farming.[28] In 2005, the United Nations urged that “[g]overnments, local authorities and international agencies need to take a greatly increased role in combating the role of factory-farming,” which, they said, combined with live animal markets, “provide ideal conditions for the [influenza] virus to spread and mutate into a more dangerous form.”[29]

    Last April, the Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production released its final report. The prestigious, independent panel chaired by a former Kansas Governor and including a former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, former Assistant Surgeon General, and the Dean of the University of Iowa College of Public Health, concluded that industrialized animal agriculture posed “unacceptable” public health risks: “Due to the large numbers of animals housed in close quarters in typical [industrial farm animal production] facilities there are many opportunities for animals to be infected by several strains of pathogens, leading to increased chance for a strain to emerge that can infect and spread in humans.”[30]

    Specific to the veal crate-like metal stalls that confine breeding pigs like those on the North Carolina factory from which the first hybrid swine flu virus was discovered in North America, the Pew Commission asserted that “[p]ractices that restrict natural motion, such as sow gestation crates, induce high levels of stress in the animals and threaten their health, which in turn may threaten human health.”[31] Unfortunately we don’t tend to “shore up the levees” until after the disaster, but now that we know swine flu viruses can evolve to efficiently transmit human-to-human we need to follow the Pew Commission’s recommendations to abolish extreme confinement practices like gestation crates as they’re already doing in Europe, and to follow the advice of the American Public Health Association to declare a moratorium on factory farms.

    A “Reservoir of Viruses” in the U.S.

    With massive concentrations of farm animals within whom to mutate, these new swine flu viruses in North America seem to be on an evolutionary fast track, jumping and reassorting between species at an unprecedented rate.[32] This reassorting, Webster’s team concludes, makes the 65 million strong U.S. pig population an “increasingly important reservoir of viruses with human pandemic potential.”[33] “We used to think that the only important source of genetic change in swine influenza was in Southeast Asia,” said Christopher Olsen, a molecular virologist at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Now, “we need to look in our own backyard for where the next pandemic may appear.”[34]

    Dr. Michael Greger is director of public health and animal agriculture for The Humane Society of the United States.

    ——————————————————————————–

    References

    [1] Council on Foreign Relations. 2005. Session 1: Avian flu-where do we stand? Conference on the Global Threat of Pandemic Influenza, November 16. http://cfr.org/publication/9230/council_…uenza_session_1.html

    [2] Belshe RB. 2005. The origins of pandemic influenza-lessons from the 1918 virus. New England Journal of Medicine 353(21):2209-11.

    [3] Johnson NPAS, Mueller J. Updating the accounts: global mortality of the 1918–1920 “Spanish” influenza pandemic. Bull Hist Med. 2002;76:105–15.

    [4] Zhou NN, Senne DA, Landgraf JS, et al. 1999. Genetic reassortment of avian, swine, and human influenza A viruses in American pigs. Journal of Virology 73:8851-6. http://birdflubook.org/resources/ZHOU8851.pdf

    [5] Wuethrich B. 2003. Chasing the fickle swine flu. Science 299:1502-5. http://birdflubook.org/resources/WUETHRICH1502.pdf

    [6] Zhou NN, Senne DA, Landgraf JS, et al. 1999. Genetic reassortment of avian, swine, and human influenza A viruses in American pigs. Journal of Virology 73:8851-6. http://birdflubook.org/resources/ZHOU8851.pdf

    [7] Webby RJ, Swenson SL, Krauss SL, Gerrish PJ, Goyal SM, and Webster RG. 2000. Evolution of swine H3N2 influenza viruses in the United States. Journal of Virology 74:8243-51.

    [8] Rabadan, R. 2009. Influenza A (H1N1) “swine flu”: worldwide (04) [1] ProMED Digest 2009. 28 April. Volume 2009 : Number 196. http://www.promedmail.org/pls/otn/f?p=2400:1001:1580522401053605::NO::F2400_P1001_BACK_PAGE,F2400_P1001_
    PUB_MAIL_ID:1000,77250.

    [9] Webby RJ, Swenson SL, Krauss SL, Gerrish PJ, Goyal SM, and Webster RG. 2000. Evolution of swine H3N2 influenza viruses in the United States. Journal of Virology 74:8243-51.

    [10] Environmental Defense. 2000. Factory hog farming: the big picture. November. http://www.edf.org/documents/2563_FactoryHogFarmingBigPicture.pdf

    [11] Duke University Center on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness. 2006. Hog farming overview. February 23. http://www.soc.duke.edu/NC_GlobalEconomy/hog/overview.php

    [12] North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. 2001. North Carolina agriculture overview. February 23. http://ncagr.com/stats/general/livestoc.htm

    [13] Wuethrich B. 2003. Chasing the fickle swine flu. Science 299:1502-5. http://BirdFluBook.org/resources/WUETHRICH1502.pdf

    [14] Brown IH. 2000. The epidemiology and evolution of influenza viruses in pigs. Veterinary Medicine 74:29-46. http://BirdFluBook.org/resources/Brown29.pdf

    [15] 1993. Overcrowding pigs pays-if it’s managed properly. National Hog Farmer, November 15.

    [16] Wuethrich B. 2003. Chasing the fickle swine flu. Science 299:1502-5. http://BirdFluBook.org/resources/WUETHRICH1502.pdf

    [17] Webster RG and Hulse DJ. 2004. Microbial adaptation and change: avian influenza. Revue Scientifique et Technique 23(2):453-65.

    [18] USDA. 2009. Poultry Slaughter 2008. Annual Summary. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/current/PoulSlauSu/PoulSlauSu-02-25-2009.pdf

    [19] USDA. 2009. Chickens and Eggs 2008 Summary. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/current/ChickEgg/ChickEgg-02-26-2009.pdf

    [20] Wuethrich B. 2003. Chasing the fickle swine flu. Science 299:1502-5. http://birdflubook.org/resources/WUETHRICH1502.pdf

    [21] Shields DA and Mathews KH Jr. 2003. Interstate livestock movements. USDA Economic Research Service: Electronic Outlook Report from the Economic Research Service, June. usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/erssor/livestock/ldp-mbb/2003/ldp-m108-01.pdf

    [22] MacKenzie D. 1998. This little piggy fell ill. New Scientist, September 12.

    [23] Ibid.

    [24] Delgado C, Rosegrant M, Steinfeld H, Ehui S, and Courbois C. 1999. Livestock to 2020: the next food revolution. Food, Agriculture, and the Environment Discussion Paper 28. For the International Food Policy Research Institute, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Livestock Research Institute. http://ifpri.org/2020/dp/dp28.pdf

    [25] Webster RG, Sharp GB, and Claas CJ. 1995. Interspecies transmission of influenza viruses. Americal Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 152:525-30.

    [26] MacKenzie D. 1998. This little piggy fell ill. New Scientist, September 12, p. 1818.

    [27] Ibid.

    [28] American Public Health Association. 2003. Precautionary moratorium on new concentrated animal feed operations. Policy number 20037. www.apha.org/advocacy/policy/policysearch/default.htm?id=1243

    [29] United Nations. 2005. UN task forces battle misconceptions of avian flu, mount Indonesian campaign. UN News Centre, October 24. un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=16342&Cr=bird&Cr1=flu

    [30] Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production. 2008. Expert panel highlights serious public health threats from industrial animal agriculture. Press release issued April 11. www.pewtrusts.org/news_room_detail.aspx?id=37968  Accessed August 26, 2008.

    [31] Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production. 2008. Putting meat on the table: industrial farm animal production in America. Executive summary, p. 13. www.ncifap.org/_images/PCIFAPSmry.pdf  Accessed August 26, 2008.

    [32] Wuethrich B. 2003. Chasing the fickle swine flu. Science 299:1502-5. http://birdflubook.org/resources/WUETHRICH1502.pdf

    [33] Webby RJ, Rossow K, Erickson G, Sims Y, and Webster R. 2004. Multiple lineages of antigenically and genetically diverse influenza A virus co-circulate in the United States swine population. Virus Research 103:67-73. http://BirdFluBook.org/resources/webby67.pdf

    [34] Wuethrich B. 2003. Chasing the fickle swine flu. Science 299:1502-5. http://BirdFluBook.org/resources/WUETHRICH1502.pdf


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